Election of the Speaker
The concept of the Speaker of Parliament is that he must be neutral between the ruling party and opposition. To ensure that this is so, Article 57 of the Constitution should be altered to require that the Speaker can only be elected if he receives at least 20% of the votes of the opposite side of the House and such votes will count double. Thus if there are 50 opposition MPs and 100 government MPs, then a candidate for speaker from the government side can only be elected if he obtains at least 10 opposition votes and a candidate from the opposition can only win if he obtains at least 20 government votes. If a government candidate gets 80 votes only from government MPs and the opposition candidate gets 50 votes from opposition MPs and 20 from government MPs, then the opposition candidate becomes Speaker. If no candidate gets sufficient support from the opposite side of the House, then a second round of voting will take place. If still no candidate gets sufficient support, then the requirement for support from the other side of the House will be dropped. This is to prevent either side paralysing proceedings by refusing to vote for the other side.